Propane is a hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C3H8. When propane is used and burned, it is in its gaseous state, but propane is often stored in tanks such as the one shown in the image to the right as a liquefied petroleum gas. It has the highest energy density of any hydrocarbon apart from methane. Propane is a hydrocarbon frequently used in domestic settings, seen in appliances such as barbecues, patio heaters, and camping stoves.
Below is a table of some of the basic properties of propane.
|Atomic mass||44.1 grams/mole|
|Energy density||50.3 MJ/kg|
Propane is used as a combustible fuel. Below is an animation showing the net reaction that occurs during the hydrocarbon combustion of propane.