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An alkane is one of the four main types of hydrocarbons. Alkanes are true hydrocarbons, meaning they are made up of nothing but hydrogen and carbon.[1]

Alkanes are based on the formula .

  • is Carbon.
  • is Hydrogen.
  • refers to the number of molecules.

Many fossil fuels like methane (), ethane (), propane (), butane () and octane () are alkanes.

To learn more about alkanes, click here.