# Resistivity

**Resistivity** is a property of materials that determines how well that material will conduct electricity. This property is closely related to resistance which is the property of a particular electrical component. Resistivity is also closely related to electrical conductivity:^{[1]}

Where Ohm/m) and is the conductivity (in m/Ohm)). To determine the resistance of a wire (which could be made of almost anything: copper, aluminum, this equation even works for wood!)

is the resistivity (in

where ^{2}) and is the length (in m).

For more detailed information on resistivity please see hyperphysics. Hyperphysics also has a table of resistivities for different materials. Resistivity also depends on temperature, which is also explained on hyperphysics.

## PhET: Resistance in a wire

The University of Colorado has graciously allowed us to use the following Phet simulation. Explore the simulation to see how resistance changes depending on geometry and resistivity:

- ↑ R. D. Knight, "Conductivity and resistivity" in
*Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach,*2nd ed. San Francisco, U.S.A.: Pearson Addison-Wesley, 2008, pp. 954-956