Developing countries

Developing countries are generally countries that are seen as being less advanced in terms of technologies, while also having a lower human development index and a poorer quality of life. In addition to this, developing countries are seen as having developing economies, which means the per capita income level and diversity of exports is generally lower. As well, these countries cooperate less in global trade and the global economy.[1] This general term indicates the bottom group of countries in terms of advancement, but can be further broken down into less developed country and least developed country to account for differences within this group.[2]

Figure 1. Map showing most and least developed countries.[3]

Generally speaking these countries lack most of the amenities and resources that leads people to see certain countries as developed. Generally, birth rates are higher, people have a lower life expectancy, quality of life is lower, access to health care, education, electricity, and other amenities are significantly lower, and individual income is lower. As well, lifestyle in these countries tends to be different than most developed countries as there is a predominance of agriculture and a low level of urbanization.[4] Rural population tends to be larger in these areas than urban population.

A few of the countries that can be seen as developing are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Haiti, India, Mexico, Qatar, Sudan, Uruguay, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe.[5]


  1. International Monetary Fund. (May 14, 2015). World Economic Outlook [Online]. Available:
  2. World Trade Organization. (May 14, 2015). Least Developed Countries [Online]. Available:
  3. Wikimedia Commons. (May 14, 2015). Developed and Developing Countries [Online]. Available:
  4. Alok Kumar. (May 14, 2015). Major Characteristics of Developing Countries [Online]. Available:
  5. CIA World Factbook. (May 14, 2015). Developing Countries [Online]. Available:

Authors and Editors

Jordan Hanania, Kailyn Stenhouse, Jason Donev
Last updated: September 18, 2015
Get Citation