Energy production

Energy production refers to how much primary energy a country extracts from nature. This is the total of all of the harvested fuels and flows. It is important to note that production does not include any energy imported from another country, or exported to another country. The primary energy available for use by a country after imports and exports is the total primary energy supply, often referred to as TPES. Please see Figure 1 for a flowchart that explains how production becomes TPES and eventually the total final consumption (referred to as TFC).

Figure 1. This diagram[1] shows how production becomes Total Primary Energy Supply becomes Total Final Consumption. Various primary energy sources combine are changed with energy conversion technologies like power plants and refineries to energy currencies.


In the data visualization below, click on different countries to see what the energy production looks like. The pie chart gives what fraction of the countries primary energy harvested from the environment is a particular source. Please note that for some countries production is bigger than TPES and for some countries production is smaller than TPES depending on how much energy is imported or exported.

  1. Created internally by a member of the Energy Education team.

Authors and Editors

Jason Donev
Last updated: September 16, 2017
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