Hexane is an alkane with the chemical formula C6H14. As a hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion which gives off heat. Traces of hexane can be found in raw natural gas, which is a type of fossil fuel. This hexane is usually removed before being shipped to customers as an energy currency.
Hexane is a volatile, colourless liquid that is highly flammable and insoluble in water. Hexane has several important uses. Hexane is used frequently in the production and extraction of edible oils from nut and vegetable crops, such as soybeans and peanuts.
This organic molecule also has several industrial uses. Primarily, when used in commercial grades, hexane is used as a solvent for glues and varnishes where water cannot be used. This works because hexane is a non-polar solvent while water is a polar solvent. It is also used as a cleaning agent known as a degreaser in the printing industry.
Below is a table of some of the basic properties of hexane.
|Molar mass||86.17 grams/mole|
For Further Reading
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- "Hexane-3D-vdW.png" Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hexane-3D-vdW.png
- “NATURAL GAS FAQs,” Pacific Northern Gas RSS. [Online]. Available: http://www.png.ca/natural-gas-faqs/. [Accessed: 24-May-2017]
- United States Environmental Protection Agency. (November 18, 2013). Hexane [Online]. Available: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/hexane.pdf [May 28, 2017].
- Charles E. Ophardt. (2003). Virtual Chembook - Hydrocarbon Boiling Points [Online]. Available: http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/501hcboilingpts.html [February 16,2015].