Nonane is an alkane with the chemical formula C9H20. As a hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion and can be burned as a fuel. Nonane is a volatile, colourless liquid that has a gasoline-like odour. Nonane, like other alkanes, is insoluble in water.
Normally, nonane is obtained from refining petroleum. However, it can also be produced by adding hydrogen (H2), to nonene (a closely related organic molecule with the formula: C9H18), an alkene. This reaction is known as hydrogenation. Nonane is also a component in automotive and jet fuel. The second major use for nonane is as an ingredient in organic solvents. Since nonane is insoluble in water, it makes it a good solvent for other hydrophobic molecules.
Below is a table of some of the basic properties of nonane.
|Molar mass||128.26 grams/mole|
- "Nonane-3D-balls". Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nonane-3D-balls.png#mediaviewer/File:Nonane-3D-balls.png
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